Terminale Euro 2017-2018

Quiz Civil Rights STI2D

Quiz Alien




Some worksheet to help you:







Some quotes to use in your written expression :




(Spaces and exchanges / places and forms of power / myths and heroes)

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A painting showing the signing of New Zealand's Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Britain's decision to secure sovereignty over NZ was partly motivated to protect the Maori.


  1. Video : comprehension.
  2. Read the text p. 76. Imagine the questions that could be asked for written comprehension. 


The American Dream: Myth or Reality?

(Myths and heroes)



Define what it means to you. Then, choose an artwork (examples in PPT below). Be ready to present it and explain why you chose it.

American Dream artwork examples

The American Dream, according to Andrew:

The American Dream, according to Annette:

The American Dream, according to Shaquana:


Résultat de recherche d'images pour "the american dream"


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Vocabulary immigration (to download / PRINT)

Photo pleine page

Photo pleine page 2

A brief history of immigration in the USA:

You are going to work on different documents. Be ready to present them to your classmates orally. They must take notes.


Video 1:

Video 2:


Video 3:

Doc 4:


Video 5 :

MP3 « The Wall »:


Doc 6 Poems:

Maria Mazziotti Gillan Poems

For everybody:

Song lyrics: underline what is sung by the men and women. Compare and contrast. 

AMERICA by Leonard Bernstein





Homework for Friday Feb 8th Click and download the documents below:

2016_maroc_LV1 sujet de Bac



Look at the posters (the 1st one is also in your book) , describe and discuss:

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Listen (GOA):

MP3 « Getting a gun in Colorado »:

A brief history of the United States (Bowling for Columbine):

Bowling for Columbine trailer :

MP3 « Columbine High School » :

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Jeremy Irons on Death Penalty: https://vimeo.com/13857020

Find videos,  posters (awareness campaigns) or articles against death penalty (not just in the USA). Post them on the website with a comment.

Some excellent documents and comments. Thank you and keep up the good work !

Listen to this judge:

Dead Man Walking execution scene:






Protest songs


Have a look at these websites:



Evolution of US protest music (very good short documentary):

Prezi presentation of « Same Love »:


Oral Comprehension Test : CO transcript






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A decade to remember (part 1):

The 60’s in the USA:


Pirate radios in GB – a good movie to watch :

Memories of the 60’s p.33 (not to listen to just now !)

Women’s rights: Equal pay





79 réflexions au sujet de « Terminale Euro 2017-2018 »

  1. I had to find an artwork which is supporting a view of the American Dream. Therefore, I tried to remember some movies that I saw, and I couldn’t choose one from among the three movies that I will present you. Anyway I think that, it is better because it shows four different aspect of the American Dream.

    First of all, the American Dream tells us if you work hard you can live an ideal lifestyle. What Little Miss Sunshine is saying about the American Dream is that it’s just wishful thinking; even if you do everything right you can still fail. The father in the movie, Richard Hoover, is a motivational speaker trying to get his 9 step plan published. He says there are 2 kinds of people in the world, winners and losers, the losers which are the worst people to his mind. He keep failing during the movie, and finally, the American Dream is going away from his first definition. Little Miss Sunshine is telling us that no matter how much time and effort you put into something it still might not work out, so just live your life.

    Secondly, Pleasantville is set in a simple place where everyone and everything is perfect. Everyone is happy, smiles, and laughs, as well as has a great family and a great job. Their lives are perfect and shows out what the American Dream really is. David is zapped with his twin sister Jennifer into the black-and-white TV-show, and they are more and more disturbing the peaceful life of the city where books have no words, the high school basketball team always wins, and nobody ever questions why things are always so perfect. All the repressed desires of life in Pleasantville begin to immerge. Some of the people become « colored », while many still remain « black-and-white ». The American Dream based on Pleasantville is not simply the original stereotype, it’s also based on what people themselves want.

    Thirdly, and finally, The Pursuit of Happyness tells the true story of Christopher Gardner -played by Will Smith-, a man who invests heavily in an expensive medical device that doesn’t offer a great benefit over its cheaper competitors. His life is a downward spiral : his wife leaves, he loses his house and he is forced to live on the street with his son. This movie shows the fragile aspect of the American Dream : it shows that even when it seems like you’re living the American Dream, it can all fall away due to a twist of fate. Actually, in the movie, Gardner finds a new job and takes his life back into his hand, he finally succeeds against the odds.

    To put it in a nutshell, these three movies show three different views of the American Dream, and it well discloses the complexity and the ambiguousness of this notion.

    1. THis must be on the page called The American Dream though art. Besides, I want you so send me a poster of the movie(s). Thanks!

  2. Hi everyone ! I hope you’re having nice holidays.

    Before the mock exam, we presented to each other some works of art about the American Dream in class, and Ms Penelon ( @admin ) asked us to post those presentations.

    So I’m going to present Duane Hanson’s sculpture named « Tourists II ».
    You can find it on the 10th page (first of the two artworks on this page) of the PowerPoint presentation called « American-Dream-artwork-examples.pptx » which is near the top of this page of englishlamartin.
    Otherwise here’s a link : https://goo.gl/images/2PYhQM.
    However because it’s a sculpture you can find some different photographs taken from different angles and in different places.

    Duane Hanson was born in 1925 and died in 1996, both in the US.

    Whereas at the time (that’s to say in the 60s) the dominant trend was abstract expressionism, he decided to go against the mainstream and to represent reality (people actually) at living scale, and with so much details that one could believe these are real people. He has become the leader of the hyperrealist American trend.

    His artworks are provoking ones. They scandalize people so that they remember them, more than they remember their creator.

    Indeed, he portrays people representing categories of the American population, with characteristic features that he denounces. These can be, most of the time, people from the middle class.

    The technic he uses is molding, with glass fiber and resins. It allows him to put some impressive details such as skin texture.

    That’s why he can represent characters that look living and deliver his message.
    Globally, Duane Hanson shows illusions about the American Dream in the 70s.

    Let’s concentrate on this particular artwork. It’s entitled “Tourists II”.

    There are 2 characters, a man and a woman; let’s suppose they are travelling together.

    They are both tanned, which might be linked with tourism, otherwise they might live in the South of the US.

    The man has got a small… should I call it a bag or a case? Well, that’s ok. Then, what about the woman? She carries two bigger bags, one on the shoulder, and she holds the second one with her other hand. It may represent American consumerism, often denounced by Hanson. Obesity of the woman (furthermore the man is not that thin either) may represent and accuse American consumerism too.

    Then, they both have a camera, ready to take photograph of anything at any time. It seems that they intend to discover; that looks like adventure, like the American Dream. But behind their camera, will they really see and discover landscapes and culture? No, they won’t, because this is commercial tourism, alienating and rationalized tourism. They take photos in order to “keep memories” and then show it in order to seem rich, travelling a lot. Thus, Duane Hanson might denounce how people care about appearances and social decorum.

    I also see some kind of “social superiority” in these characters in the way they watch around them, the head high, the face inexpressive and contemptuous, and the sunglasses of the woman. Anyway, concerning the sunglasses, let’s say she’s got weak eyes and there is much light. And they might be kind of lost in that unknown place.

    Meanwhile, in the way they are dressed, it seems that they aren’t that wealthy, wearing so colourful and relaxed clothes. It could be a form of provocation towards inhabitants, being like “We’re Americans, we’re richer than you and relaxed because we’ve got our place in the world”. Otherwise the artist may want to show a paradox.

    As a conclusion, this work of art shows American people as contemptuous, and at the same time imprisoned by their consumeristic and alienating society. Thus that vision of America isn’t idealistic. The American Dream gets decreased. Without any frame, spectators can better notice details and watch those characters, so that art reveals elements of the world we wouldn’t notice otherwise.

  3. During the last English lesson, Mrs Penelon asked us to recap our presentation about the American Dream. So, with Alison, we chose to speak about the musical West Side Story that illustrate well the different aspects of this topic.
    First, we summarized quickly the script of this film. The story resembles Romeo and Juliet: it takes place in New York, more precisely in West Side, and protagonists can be reduced to two gangs. On one side, the Sharks – Portoricans recently arrived in New York – and on the other side, the Jets – third-generation Irish, Italians or Poles immigrants. Action is focused on the love between the previous Jets’ leader, Tony, and the Shark’s leader’s sister, Maria.
    In this movie, Bernstein (the composer and writer) raises the issue of the American Dream, and of the migrants’ situation in the United States at the end of the 20’s. Indeed, he denounces materialism, consumerism, and the ability of the big firms which manipulate the society through advertising and press.
    A mind opposition is often notable, for instance between the Portorican girls, who defend the American Dream, while speaking about « Cadillacs », « skyscrapers », luxury and riches, and who describe the abhorrence of Porto Rico, and the Sharks men, who criticize Americans, their welcome, and the deplorable conditions of living (they have to live in slums).
    Alison and Pauline

  4. Good afternoon everyone. To carry on about the topic of illegal immigration, I wanted to share this unusual video I saw on Jimmy Kimmel’s show lately. Indeed, Kimmel organized an appointment between the most opposite individuals in the USA : on one side, a family composed of an American soldier, married to a DREAMer, now threatened by the decisions taken by Donald Trump regarding illegal immigration and facing the possibility of being split up on different sides of the border ; on the other side, buoyant Trump supporters, claiming that DREAMers must leave the US even though they are not even responsible of their own arrival in the US. By confronting them to each other, Kimmel allows us to fathom the growing rifts in the current United States and to understand the new face of America, as divided and undermined the US may be. Link : https://youtu.be/5QY5pLQqIYM

  5. Hello everyone,

    I know that death penalty is no longer topical in class but what I just read stunned me.

    Last Wednesday, the state of Oklahoma announced that they were about to adopt a new way of executing people : forced inhalation of nitrogen gas ! You need to know that this dreadful way of killing inmates intended to rarefy the oxygen around the convicted guy until his death.

    This new method is all the more revolting as it has never been used before in the country, until there reserved to the animals’ slaughter, because of the risks inccured and the little knowledge about this method. Moreover, it also happens because of the justified refusal of pharmaceutical firms to supply prisons with lethal products.

    This worrying and controversial news didn’t go unnoticed by concerned people, as Dale Baich, a federal public defender and one of the attorneys representing Oklahoma death row prisoners in a federal lawsuit, who called for prudence and complete transparency.

    If you want to learn more about it : https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/mar/14/oklahoma-death-penalty-nitrogen-gas-lethal-injection


  6. Looking at the posters shared by Ewan and Mathieu M., which link death penalty to racism in the USA, reminds me of a documentary that I saw lastly.

    « A movie, again! », I know right? But, honestly I don’t care, I like movies.


    I am usually not a huge fan of documentaries, however I do have my « documentary phases », in which I can spend days watching them. That’s how I came across this documentary entitled O.J : Made in America, a few months ago.

    There already was « American Crime Story » in 2016, that concerns the controversial and over-broadcasted trial of O.J Simpson, a prodigy football player.

    Nevertheless, this documentary is one of a kind, and as I said, I don’t watch a lot of documentaries, but I can still say that this one is probably one of the best of all times.

    Through the life of O.J Simspon, wrongly accused of murdering his ex-wife and her husband, the documentary pictures not only the injustice made against this man, in all likelihood because of his skin colour, but also the unseasiness of an entire country, divided by a simple case. Plus we got a very detailed depiction of an ex-star who became one of the biggest issue of the United States of America.

    Yes, it almost lasts 8 hours, but for the bravest of you all, it is absolutely worth it, you’re never bored, and for 8 hours the best you can do is admire the briliant work of Ezra Edelman. If you have enough time, please watch it, it is a history lesson, and a cultural masterpiece.

  7. Hello everyone !
    This morning (Friday 26th of January), during the English class, we said that there was no poster in favor of the death penalty. That’s why I wanted to look for one and I found it !

    Poster’s link

    This poster does not come from a harmless site. In the lower right corner we notice that this document promotes the website « voteprodeathpenalty.com »…
    Indeed, the catchphrase of this poster is « Should the killer live ? The victim never had the choice ». I totally agree with the fact to kill the killer BUT only if the evidence of his guilt is sufficient. Unfortunately, there can be many miscarriages of justice…

    Let’s present the poster.
    This poster is quite simple to understand. The dominant color is red, which obviously represents blood. In the background, we can see the written names of people murdered and the date of their murder. For example we can see the names of « Pammy Avent » or « Rule Linda Jane ». This girls were both killed at the age of 16. Their killers are not dead and they have even been released…
    It’s up to you to make up your own mind about this poster.

  8. Evening everyone ! Just a quick comment about an interview I saw a few days ago. I hope Ms. Pénelon will forgive me but the document is actually in French. It’s an extract from France 2’s show « Stupéfiant » : the interview is originally about the issues women encounter in our society but the French film director Maiwenn then talks about the power of culture and art and gives an example we are familiar with. She used to be in favour of death penalty but then she saw the movie directed by Tim Robbins « Dead Man Walking » and the movie utterly changed her opinion. Proof that art is a powerful political means and can bring progress. Watch it ! https://youtu.be/dsvfTkTzwPk

  9. Hi everyone
    I just wanted to share with you a poster about death penalty that I find very moving, although very simple.
    It comes from Amnesty International. There is a yellow background, as the colour of Amnesty International. In the bottom right-hand corner, you can notice their logo ; on the left side, a little lower than the middle, there is the (quite usual) message « End the death penalty ». There is no drawing.
    But what is so… beautiful to me is the catchphrase. That’s so poetic ! Don’t you think it moving ? That’s so symbolic ! Characterizing the so tragic aspect of death penalty that it ends life. The basic principle of death penalty : it kills human beings.
    Look by yourselves : https://thedailyblog.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Screen-Shot-2015-10-18-at-9.13.45-pm.png
    Maybe when one considers death penalty in general one sees death itself as a « secondary aspect ». But this poster brings back to the basis ; and I think no one can be insensible while considering death basically.
    (The metaphor is quite like the « path » I evoked lastly, or the thread Dieyni evoked, replaced this time by a sentence. And death penalty terminates the path / cuts the thread / puts a full stop at the end of the sentence.)

  10. While talking about death penalty, I remembered about something I have seen on the internet :
    « We are making experiments on innocent animals. Instead of killing criminals, why wouldn’t we use those criminals (who are very numerous) to test medicine, product, etc … ?  » ( I don’t remember the exact sentence the person was saying).
    A lot of people will say that it is inhuman to do experiment on people even if they are criminal. Of course but to put an to their life is not very « human » either. Moreover, each year, more than 100 million animals are dying in the USA because of experiments which is also inhuman (source : https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animals-used-experimentation-factsheets/animal-experiments-overview/). Animals didn’t do anything to deserve that. But do criminals deserve to be killed ? Death penalty exists to punish them. Almost everyone, when hearing about, for exemple, a child rapist, wants him to pay for his crime. Applying this, the point is that we could combine punishment and helpfulness.
    (P.S.: It’s funny how we use the word « inhuman » to talk about something horrible that only a human can do)

  11. I wanted to share with you this song frome Metallica.
    It is called ride the lightening and criticizes death penalty, obviously.
    The tittle is quite suggestive, as this song is about the electric chair and the (supposed) thoughts you have in this situation. The electric guitar fits perfectly with the content and the lyrics are just short and disorganized sentences, maybe to imply the panic rushing into your veines as you are about to die. The voice of the singer, which is strong by the way, is a litle bit electrified which adds something to the drama.
    Moreover, and like most of the outcries that you guys shared, it denounces misjudment, which is, in my opinion, one of the obvious reasons to abolish the death penalty as it can not be cancelled afterward.
    Finally, I choose this song because muscians, and especially Rock or metal bands were often held responsible for violence and stuff: in the past with Margaret Thatcher and more recently with Marylyn Manson who was accused to subvert the youth and the Columbine shooters, after the Columbine shooting.
    Here is his interview in Micheal Moore’s movie y’all know:

  12. I saw that a lot of you find very interesting poster, films or music against death penalty. However, there is no document pro death penalty. Even if I am totally against it I think that it is interesting to know the arguments pro death penalty. To beat proponents of the capital punishment we need to kwon their arguments to show them that they are ridiculous. I find a page that oppose in 10 topics (Morality, Constitutionality, Deterrence, Retribution, Irrevocable Mistakes, Cost of Death vs. Life in Prison, Race, Closure for Victims’ Families, Attorney Quality,Physicians at Execution) the big ideas pro and cons death penalty. It is not to old, it was published in 2016.Have a look.
    The link of the page is: https://deathpenalty.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=002000

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