Terminale Euro 2017-2018


(Myths and heroes)



Define what it means to you. Then, choose an artwork (examples in PPT below). Be ready to present it and explain why you chose it.

American Dream artwork examples

The American Dream, according to Andrew:

The American Dream, according to Annette:

The American Dream, according to Shaquana:


Résultat de recherche d'images pour "the american dream"


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Vocabulary immigration (to download / PRINT)

Photo pleine page

Photo pleine page 2

A brief history of immigration in the USA:

You are going to work on different documents. Be ready to present them to your classmates orally. They must take notes.


Video 1:

Video 2:


Video 3:

Doc 4:


Video 5 :

MP3 « The Wall »:


Doc 6 Poems:

Maria Mazziotti Gillan Poems

For everybody:

Song lyrics: underline what is sung by the men and women. Compare and contrast. 

AMERICA by Leonard Bernstein





Homework for Friday Feb 8th Click and download the documents below:

2016_maroc_LV1 sujet de Bac



Look at the posters (the 1st one is also in your book) , describe and discuss:

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Listen (GOA):

MP3 « Getting a gun in Colorado »:

A brief history of the United States (Bowling for Columbine):

Bowling for Columbine trailer :

MP3 « Columbine High School » :

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Jeremy Irons on Death Penalty: https://vimeo.com/13857020

Find videos,  posters (awareness campaigns) or articles against death penalty (not just in the USA). Post them on the website with a comment.

Some excellent documents and comments. Thank you and keep up the good work !

Listen to this judge:

Dead Man Walking execution scene:






Protest songs


Have a look at these websites:



Evolution of US protest music (very good short documentary):

Prezi presentation of « Same Love »:


Oral Comprehension Test : CO transcript






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A decade to remember (part 1):

The 60’s in the USA:


Pirate radios in GB – a good movie to watch :

Memories of the 60’s p.33 (not to listen to just now !)

Women’s rights: Equal pay





74 réflexions au sujet de « Terminale Euro 2017-2018 »

  1. I totally agree with the different points of view that you shared.
    But we must think that death penalty is not only allowed in the United States! As Anaïs and Coline said, death penalty is already present in a lot of countries all over the world !

    I found a really interesting map of the Capital Punishment in 2012.
    Take a look at this : https://goo.gl/bdtiJT
    The worst country, which make the most of executions and death sentences handed down is China ! China possess more executions than the rest of the world put together but as you can see (about thousands) , China refused to divulge figures on its use of the death penalty ! They are maybe ashamed of afraid of people’s reaction…
    Fortunately, the graph on the bottom right hand corner shows us that the number of countries carrying out executions is decreasing.

    You know all that death penalty can’t be abolished everywhere forever. It will always exists even if it’s illegal. (like gun control etc…)

    I will finish the description/analysis here because there is so much content on this picture (a lot of figures and historical events) that I would take a day to explain everything.
    I think we should study more graphs and statistics in class, because concrete things are very interesting (in my opinion).

    1. Very nice poster Terence
      « 6 » executions in North Korea,
      Well I don’t know why but I feel a bit reserved about this amount
      This poster is very interesting but we all have to remember that they represent « official » numbers, at least those we were able to have information about.
      In a dictatorship such as North Korea where there is almost no contact and no transparency with the other countries, I believe that those numbers aren’t representative

  2. http://www.state-journal.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/March-13-comic.png
    So here’s an poster against death penalty. I am agree with the rest of the class about the fact that death penalty is wrong on many levels. Of course everyone think that it is wrong on a moral level but also in a logical way (and that’s what the poster denounces).
    I found it interesting to seach for major Arguments for the death penalty to understand why the 60% of americans are supporting the death penalty:
    -If someone murders someone else, they have given up their human rights, including the one to stay alive themselves.
    -The punishment should ‘fit the crime’ – if you have killed someone, you should be killed too
    -Giving a killer the death sentence will stop them – and others – doing it again
    -The very small chance of executing the wrong person is balanced by the benefits to society of putting off other murderers

    In my opinion death penalty is not a solution for reducing the crime rate (which is staticaly demonstrate) and a murderer in prison can not really kill other people. Besides it is way more easy to free an innocent than bring him back from the dead.
    Anyway feel free to criticize those arguments.

  3. Hi everyone ! I read all your comments about death penalty and I want to ask you all two single questions : What do we do with all these people ? Is the law or the death penalty responsible for the dead ?

    Should they be authorized to get free after decades in prison ? How could they be integrated in the society ? Will they be threatened ? Will the society be threatened ? It’s true questions that I’m asking, because I don’t know the answers.
    Is the perpetuity worth it ? Is it worst to live knowing when you’ll die or living without knowing it ? Indeed death penalty take life, but prison take liberty. Which one is more important than the other ? I think that death penalty allows people to “summarize” their torture while perpetuity torture them for decades. Everyone know that death is at the end of everything. But is it worst to know when it will happen or not ? I n my opinion, it’s two kind of torture and two death penalties. So, how to choose ? Which one is the worst ? I think death penalty allows people not to suffer for decades waiting the death without liberty. While the other allows them to live. Everyone has the right to live but what kind of life is it to live in prison ? It’s complicated because both are horrible.

    In the following lines, I’m making a distinction between death penalty as a sentence and as an act.
    I think the act is the simplest tool found to kill while the law comes from the justice. Yes, innocents are dead because of the law itself. The law misleads sometimes. I think we should blame the use of the death penalty instead of the act. It gives death just like perpetuity. The justice is responsible of this misuse. Both may be misused tools. It’s with the law that a society defends itself. The law may changed at the same time as its tools.
    You may notice that people who spread death by doing their jobs haven’t been sentenced to death for it…

    This text doesn’t mean that I’m for death penalty, but it doesn’t mean that I’m against. I’m not enough ease with the topic. I think death penalty and perpetuity have advantages and harms.

    It would be with great pleasure that I will exchange with you about all I wrote.

  4. Hi everyone, makink research about death penalty, I found a cartoon that I really wanted to share with you
    We can see someone with a scarf around the body like a mayor where it is written « death penalty »
    This person is holding a scale and she is blindfolded as to represent justice as we can see it on many statues.
    Around is there two chairs. The one on the left is a nice chair, beyond it, this is written « white ». Whereas the other chair on the right represent an electric chair with written « colored »
    The « representation of justice » is saying « Blind ? Perhaps, but not COLOR-blind »
    It insists on the « color », this word is underline.
    the blind refers to the blindfold because justice has to be neutral.
    With this sentence, the cartoonist wanted to say that yes they were neutral but curiously not with skin color
    The death penaly is a really horrible thing but the worst is that it is even not equal for every one, it only touches those who can’t defend themselves or those who are victims of racism.
    It is really a shame that even now, mentalities haven’t evolved and that we can still find such terrible acts

  5. Hi everyone,
    I was just scrolling into the crowd of posters dealing with death penalty when I found this one. It’s really interesting because he points the finger at racism in death penalty. It’s incredible that nowadays people are killed because of their skin colour. Indeed when we speak about death penalty issue we don’t think first to racism yet racism is omnipresent and especially in certain americans states.
    On the poster I shared there is a character in the middle which is an a allegory of Death on one side and of Justice on the other side. The Justice part represent white people and the Death part black people. Thus the blacks are killed while the whites are pardonned not because of their acts but because of their skin. As the catchphrase tells us this poster raises the issue of segregation in death penalty. Besides we can notice a pun between « and justice for all » and « injustice for all » said by a little bird in the bottom right hand corner. This little bird can represent the population of the world juging the process of the justice in the world.

    Here is the link for the poster : https://kohlias.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/7.jpg

  6. As I talked about a movie in the last comment, I will talk about two movies today (3 actually) : at first Dead Man Walking, and then The Life of David Gale. However, they are not masterpieces this time, I mean it’s pretty hard to find a movie as involved and effective as Elephant from Van Sant, but those two films are nervertheless interesting.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Man_Walking_(film) :

    Let’s begin with Dead Man Walking. Directed by Tim Robbins, Dead Man Walking is an adaptation of the eponym book from Soeur Helen Prejean.
    First of all, it is not an excellent movie. The movie has many problems with its narration, it’s a bit confused at some points and even though Tim Robbins worked pretty hard on the dialogues, it would have been better if he dared to assume more his point of view.
    Despite those facts, the film is well-rhytmic, somehow touching, therefore it is still a enjoyable movie to watch, and it makes you think about the death penalty issue. (and there’s Sean Penn)

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Life_of_David_Gale :

    Here we come to the second movie, which is in fact that bad that it becomes a staple of the cinema. What I mean is that The Life of David Gale from Alan Parker is dealing defectively with the death penalty issue. Actually it discuss it that carelessly that you need to watch it absolutely, just to be hit and shocked by the poor point of view of Alan Parker.
    However, I’m not saying that Alan Parker is an amateurish film-maker, because he already proved himself (take a look at Midnight Express or Angel Heart). This guy is a genius but humans are not perfect and The Life of David Gale is Parker’s biggest imperfection.
    The movie told us that death penalty is bad (and that’s a good point), and then he tries to explain us why (and here’s the bloody stupid thing) :
    because the movie fails to describe correctly the consequences of this governement-sanctioned practice. Does it talk about the fact that we can’t just lower a complex human being to a « good » or « evil » judgment? No, it doesn’t. Does it at least say that Justice doesn’t mean Revenge? No it doesn’t! Does it raise the issue about the fact that society punishes crime by comitting an other? No, it still doesn’t. So what does it talk about?
    The only shared message is « death penalty is bad because miscarriage of justice ». And that’s the point. Actually that’s the only point. And that’s why the movie seems to play the innocent, as if Alan Parker was focusing on one side of the problem.

    As a conclusion, I would say that you need to watch those movies to have your own opinion about all of this. And if I have to name a masterpiece, it has already been mentionned by Louis Bécaye and David Coudray, but watch The Green Mile from Frank Darabont.

  7. Hi everyone and happy new year!
    Here is the poster I choose :
    Firstly, this poster is composed of a dark blue background and red capital letters which form this following question : DOES GOD BLESS AMERICA FOR PLAYING GOD?
    Red symbolizes blood, violence and death. The blue color represents responsibility, honesty and loyalty. All letters “O” are suspended and they remind me of hanging heads. This catch phrase asks all of us, especially Americans if God really wants them to play his own role of knowing and deciding who should live or die.
    Moreover at the bottom, it’s written that “ In 2013, approximately 3,125 inmates in 35 states are awaiting execution”.
    Such as the condemned in Victor Hugo’s novel Le dernier jour d’un condamné. He is sentenced to the capital punishment and has to wait his turn on the guillotine. Only 6 weeks left before the final day. The idea of being killed is impossible to imagine for him. During his days in prison he starts to write letters to his family where he explains lots of things about all the days he spends in there. Many memories come also in his mind…about his childhood and the crime that he committed. He even thinks about escaping from this prison several times but it was too late.
    Finally, as Jeremy Irons said, “the death penalty kills people physically and psychologically by forcing individuals to wait for their own death“.
    So, the death penalty lets people think that they have the right to determine who should live or die but it is actually not the case. Who are we? Are we allowed to decide about somebody’s life? Do we have the “right” to end the life of a person even if he did an outrageous act? The death penalty doesn’t reduced the number of criminals and capital punishment is more like a revenge than a justice.

  8. Should a God-fearing society be empowering the government to execute its citizens? This is the question that I want to ask. And I’ve come to the conclusion that the human hypocrisy allows it

    The first picture of this website (https://www.behance.net/gallery/7529765/Pro-Anti-Death-Penalty-Posters) bring an another element of answer ; the economic one.
    Indeed, one of the most common false ideas about the death penalty is the notion that it saves money because executed murderers no longer have to be cared at the state’s expense.
    If the costs of the death penalty were to be measured at the time of an execution, that might indeed be true. But the legal framework learns us that, the costs of a capital case begin long before the sentence is carried out.
    I quote : « Experienced prosecutors and defense attorneys must be assigned and begin a long period of investigation and pre-trial hearings. Jury selection, the trial itself, and initial appeals will consume years of time and enormous amounts of money before an execution. »
    All of the studies conclude that the death penalty system is far more expensive than an alternative system in which the maximum sentence is life in prison, the level of hypocrisy disgusts me excessively…

    I found something else, to continue on the term of the hypocrisy (inspired by this image : https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/images/LethalInjectionInfographic.jpg) ; the lethal injection.
    Firstly, legal execution by lethal injection has made national headlines during the past 2 years because prisoners have argued that it poses an unnecessary risk of pain as currently performed and therefore constitutes unconstitutional cruel and unusual punishment. Physician involvement in lethal injection can make capital punishment more « professional »…. It shocks only me?
    Physicians are fundamentally healers dedicated to preserving life when there is hope of doing so. The knowledge and skill of physicians must only be used for care, healing. I quote : « To have the state mandate that physician skills be turned against a human being undermines a basic ethical foundation of medicine – first, do no harm.  »

    I have nothing to add, unless, of course, that it really disgusts me, I find it inhuman.

  9. Like all of you, I am against the capital sentence, but not for the exact same reasons. Of course, it is an inhumane act, which has no place in our society. Of course, put to death the dangerous and unwanted of our people isn’t the right solution. But why ? Apart from this inhumane aspect I’ll tell you why. Because it is to easy. It is to easy for them, and to easy for us. Do all criminals fear death ? The answer is no. Terrorist for example, they don’t fear death, death is likely their objective, their consecration.
    What it is the hardest thing for you ? To die prematurely because of your crimes, or to know that you are going to live the rest of your life inside four walls, among the worst part of humanity ? That is the real punishment for me.
    Death penalty is also an easy way for us, the innocent citizens. « We have a recalcitrant element among us ? Ok, let’s eliminate it. » That is what we did during the middle ages with criminals, but also with handicapped persons, the mentally ills, women accused of witchcraft, homosexuals… You can’t eliminate everything that scares you or that is slightly different to you, or you will end up all alone. Criminals, like handicapped persons, have to be teached, helped. You have to teach them so they can find a place into society.
    On the other hand, this cost « money, time and sometimes lives » say pro-death penalty peopks, and yes that is true in someway.
    However, between a gruesome and cruel practice that never showed any efficiency to bring down murder rate*, and the (little) hope that represent education, I’d rather choose the second option if you don’t mind.


  10. Hi, I found this poster, posted by Amnesty International, which corresponds, in my opinion, to our subject. The colors bring the viewer’s attention first on the violence and the bloody aspect of death penalty. It insists well on the fact that retaliation is endless, and that the government mustn’t follow criminals along this path. So, here is the poster :

    I found also a poster, posted by Amnesty International too, which really striked me because it targeted homophobia in Africa and, more precisely, showed that in lots of countries, homosexuality is illegal and that some of them, such as Mauritania or Sudan, comdemn homosexual to death. In fact, the NGO released a provided rapport on this topic. You can found it on this site, that explains also quickly what were the causes and the goal of this work : http://www.politicalresearch.org/tag/making-love-a-crime/#sthash.pwGhgg3u.dpbs .
    Here is the poster’s link : https://thumbnails-visually.netdna-ssl.com/lgbti-rights-in-africa-making-love-a-crime_52d43a71a06e0.jpg

  11. Hi everyone, I looked for new information about the death penalty and thanks to this reflection I asked myself which arguments have those who support the death penalty. Indeed I think that it is necessary to inquire about the arguments of the two sides, even if I’m against the death penalty and I don’t think that my point of view could change, reflecting on this or just inform us instead of staying on preconceive ideas would allow us to build an opinion as right and exact as possible. Those who support the death penalty in an extreme way sometimes said that for mentally ill it is the only solution or death penalty will always be necessary in specific cases.

    Thus I found an article from the Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/04/03/does-the-death-penalty-target-people-who-are-mentally-ill-we-checked/?utm_term=.f9d760389835.

    This article follows the terrible act of Dylann Roof who killed “nine black churchgoers” at a prayer meeting. The main issue of the article is: does the death penalty target people who are mentally ill? A part of the answer to this issue is given by a study conducted by the NIMH (National institute of mental health) it aim is to show that the rate of mentally ill in those who are sentenced to death is important it also makes the difference between the serious illnesses and the simple disorders. The article also shows that most Americans oppose the death penalty for the mentally ill whereas it also say “People who are executed have a much higher rate of mental illness than the general public” so the major part of Americans could be against the death penalty ?

    To conclude I found the studies led in the article interesting and it made me thinking differently about the subject (even if my opinion hasn’t changed). Thus I let you read this article and reflect about it.

  12. Hi. I found one article of the magazin Time which explain why the death penalty begins to disappear. It’s a bit long but very interesting because this article was done by a journalist who has been studying the death penalty for 30 years, so he know a lot of things and example about death penalty. Moreover he explains to us why the death penalty is disappearing in 5 reasons, hence the title « The Death of the Death Penalty ».

  13. I’ve found a poster and an article about death penalty. The poster represent a syringe on a red back ground. We can also see a hanged man in black that contrast with the white syringe. In fact, the death penalty is not with an electric chair today, that was in the 20th century, but with a letal injection. However the hanged man remains us that it is a death penalty and whatever the « technic » used, it is killing a human.
    The article is really interesting too because it is about what young people think about death penalty. You can read some points of view.
    You can find the poster and the article here : http://lifestyle.inquirer.net/257600/youth-say-no-return-death-penalty/

  14. https://images.google.fr/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fi.pinimg.com%2F736x%2F83%2Fe2%2F85%2F83e2856612bb3c4f6addd862e1a95b99–penalty-death.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pinterest.co.uk%2Fanugent97%2Fdeath-penalty%2F&docid=xVhOsU16kD9XrM&tbnid=_ECuzO5KBY64SM%3A&vet=1&w=429&h=600&itg=1&hl=fr-fr&source=sh%2Fx%2Fim
    Hi ! I found this poster which is against death penalty. This is a picture with a man who is sitting on a electric chair. The red background reminds death and catch the viewer, who can understand, with the words « innocent » which form the character and « guilty » which form the chair, that the real guilty in the case of a death penalty isn’t the one who committed the crime but the one who kill those who perpetrated violence to punish them, which is, in my opinion, absolutely foolish. Moreover, I think that death penalty is a terrible punishment because sometimes, after the death of the murderer, it is discovered that he wasn’t the guilty, as George Stinney, who could be innocent. ( https://www.ladepeche.fr/article/2014/12/19/2015058-etats-unis-execute-14-ans-est-innocente-70-ans-plus.html )

  15. I found a very interesting website about the death penalty. It has an important database about executions. There’s a description of the country’s laws about death penalty. Then there’s an explanation for each type of execution’s method. Moreover, the figures of executions are given according to the year of execution. I tought this site very curious because it doesn’t take a side. We can make our own opinion for each country with execution’s figures.
    For exemple, this is the database for the United States.

  16. I’m against the death penalty for the same reasons that a lot of you share too. Life is an inborn and inherent right, unique to every human being, nobody should have the right to decide on the life of someone. Moreover it’s an awful and inhuman punishment, it is not a deterrent either. Indeed, countries which still accept the capital punishment have never seen their criminal rate decline. Of course, it’s also irreversible, both culprits and innocents can be executed without distinction, especially following botched trials, and when they finally realize their innocence there’s no possible return. Besides, it strikes in a too recurring way disadvantaged people or those belonging to particular ethnic groups, where the skin colour for instance can have a bad influence.
    Finally, it’s kind of contradictory and makes no sense to think that the law doesn’t allow killing by committing exactly and legally the same act it strives to forbid.
    But I can’t stop thinking about the reasons which get people to be in favour of death penalty. I say that because I can truly understand this atrocious mental suffering that these people feel, turning into hatred and which urges them to feel this need of revenge, this necessity to see the culprit pay for the loss of one of their relatives, hoping that it would fill, even a tiny part, the gaping wound they have in their heart. After all, this feeling and desire to claim justice (and consequently punishment) commensurate with an evil crime, is as natural and common a need as any other in the human nature.

  17. I decided to choose the picture to illustrate the fight against death penalty : https://i.pinimg.com/736x/28/25/5f/28255f4786ba8c94f1ac0a64068cf137–penalty-conservative-politics.jpg

    The first time I saw this picture, I thought about the moirai in Greek mythology. For those who don’t know about them, the moirai (or the The Parcae for romans) are three women who represent Fate. One of them is spinning the thread of life, another is unwinding it and the last one is cutting it ( birth, life and death).
    Besides, on this picture, to me, the comparison is very clear. The words « death penalty » look like a thread which is about to be cut by scissors. However, here, cutting the « thread » will not kill people but it’ll save them because the scissors are here to abolish death penalty. However, the scissors are rusty which means that cutting the thread (therefore abolishment) will not be easy. It can also mean that scissors are very used because the fight against death penalty has lasted a long time.
    The picture itself is very dark with a black background and red letters which can symbolise violence, blood and death. The words, written vertically, in addition to look like a thread, can also look like the rope of an hangman.
    To conclude, this poster with a high representation of death is showing how, by abolishing death penalty, we could change people’s destiny .

  18. I watched « the Green Mile » (la ligne verte). It’s a fantasy drama film directed by Frank Darabont adapted from a novel by Stephen King.
    Paul Edgecomb was an officer at Cold Mountain Penitentiary in charge of death rows. One day, a new death row inmate came in prison. He was named John Coffey, a black man who had been sentenced to death after being convicted of raping and murdering two white girls. John showed many supernatural powers and Paul saw John’s innocence.
    Finally, Paul asked to John if he wanted to escape but he declined and he died.
    Frank Darabont shared a pejorative opinion of the death penalty in many scenes: a death row inmate could be electrocuted on an electric chair, but his executioner was extremely sadistic: He didn’t soak the sponge used to conduct electricity to the death row inmate’s head. The prisoner died carbonized in pain.
    Even if John Coffey was very impressive, he was touching: his last favor was to watch a film because he has never watched a film. Furthermore, he didn’t want to be executed with a bag on his head because he was afraid of the dark.
    To conclude, « The Green Mile » described injustices in death penalties. But also the inhuman work done by officers who have been transformed and traumatised by these executions.

  19. As to wish a happy new year to each and every one of you, I wanted to share with you an innerly interesting article about death penalty that I found in the archives of the Washington Post. It was written in 1981, a few months after François Mitterrand won the French presidential election. The article reminds how death penalty was conducted for centuries in France, with our very own cultural exception, the Guillotine. Indeed, death penalty is a topic that has been debated for decades in France, from Maurice Barrès in 1908 to Robert Badinter in 1981, who finally succeeded into abolishing this barbarian punishment. On top of that, this article gives a vision that is even more interesting, because it deals with the situation in France, seen from the USA, the point of view being thus less passionate and so more objective than if it had been an article written in France at that time, due to the buoyant debates that were happening.

  20. *put a vinyl onto the turntable, and sit in front of it’s computer… then start to write*
    Hey everyone ! How’s it going ? Pretty good I guess ? Having good holidays ? Enjoying your chistmas gifts, or just relaxing away from the stress of the exams… So I’ve been searching on the internet for a poster or a comic against death penalty, and I’ve just found one !
    First of all here’s the link of the cartoon :
    So… As you see, it’s a cartoon from Bizarro comics and the first thing that attract you, is the guy on the center, just wistleling… When you see the other characters, looking sad, and then the hand and leg of someone attached to a chair, you undertand that this is a death penalty scene… But the police officer tries to be away from it. When you look at what he’s holding you see a little puppet that is going to pull a lever with a sign on it’s to, saying « DANGER, High Voltage ».
    Then, let’s have a look to the speech bubble, where the second guy, who seems to be a lawyer, critisize the action of the police officer, by telling him that it’s not how he’s supposed to relieve his conscience… And here’s the point of this comic !
    *take a little break to turn his vinyl, that already finiched the A-Side*
    The officer tries to fake his presence here, and forgetting that he’s the one that pull down the lever ! He’s putting someone else to this job : His puppet…
    It’s something really interesting here because it’s not centered on how bad the situation is for the ones that are sentenced to death, but onto the officers that must do their job… They don’t know the person in front of them and they have to kill him… Don’t you think it’s something that hurt you inside ? Like, you remove life to someone that you don’t know ! I’m pretty sure that most of the officers that have to do that feels bad for this, and need to relieve their conscience. Well, on this comic, the officer is trying to, but it’s not really something good to fake their part of the job…
    It reminds me of a book from Stephen King, « The Green Mill »… Yeah, it’s fantasy, but it catches the same problem, as the protagonist, being the police officer that brings the sentenced to death to the electric chair, and that it hurts him everytime, until him and his co-workers are forced to kill someone that they are the only one to know that he’s innocent… Hits me everytime in the feels… You NEED to read the book, or at least watch the movie, because it’s really a masterpiece.
    I think I’m going far away from the point… But anyway ! This comic is really something strong, actually a bit funny, because it’s really ironic, and tells about a side that is often forgotten… Hope you appreciated this little talk with me ! See you !

  21. I found two very interesting articles against death penalty. The first one was published by the BBC on its website and the second one by the famous non-governmental organization Amnesty International. They weren’t published at the same time which just goes to show that the issue of death penalty always has been a topical subject and always will be as long as a certain number of countries will not abolish it.
    The Amnesty article gives us the principal reasons to abolish death penalty whereas the BBC’s develops every negative aspects of death penalty.
    Here are the links :
    BBC article : http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/capitalpunishment/against_1.shtml
    Amnesty article : https://www.amnesty.org.au/5-reasons-abolish-death-penalty/
    If you want to do something, to involve yourself and become an actor of tomorrow join this NGO or an other. It doesn’t take so much time and maybe you will be able to help people.

    1. In the article from the BBC you shared, something struck me (but don’t take it for yourself) : I noticed at the bottom of the page the question of free will and thus that any punishment might be immoral because criminals might have been determined to act badly.
      Well, that’s a great philosophical question : are all our thoughts and actions determined ?

      The French philosopher Sartre thought that accepting the thesis of determinism would imply that no one is responsible of any of one’s actions, and thus justice would have no meaning anymore…

      Indeed, even if I can’t say whether we are determined or free, I think a kind of force in me pushes me to ignore the thesis of determinism in this judicial context, as if it would contradict and destroy my whole moral structure. I can’t help feeling that one can’t say a CRIMINAL is not at fault ; to me this is part of the definition of “crime” (so if one believes criminals are “forgiven” because they were determined, then one shouldn’t call them criminals : this word would not mean anything anymore).
      And then it would cause such a disorganization ! Indeed criminals wouldn’t be responsible, but at the same time juges and executioners wouldn’t be responsible of killing them unfairly !… the absurdity of the world and human condition…
      I think most of people, in front of this (mentally painful) paradox, would prefer neglecting it and consider other options : here the other option is free will and responsibility.
      Therefore in EACH COUNTRY wherever in the world, justice states that human beings own free will.

      Let’s go further and nevertheless consider determinism : if people are determined to behave badly by their environment, education, the people they met, the events they lived (I like the metaphor of the path, guided by those elements), then a punishment (an appropriate one, in order to correct, not to retaliate) may determine them to come back to a straight path ! Therefore it would not be punishment, rather correction of the path ; a kind of help ! In fact, maybe we could even see punishment in general (appropriate one) as a mean to correct people (this is mainly the meaning of « punishment » concerning parents educating their child).

      To me, punishment (appropriate one) should exist as long as we human beings are not perfect…
      Anyway, I just disagree with THIS particular argument, about punishment in general, then it’s clear that death penalty won’t help any convicted one to come back to a straight path (it rather terminates the path…)

  22. Hello, I’d like to present you a song about death penalty. It is called 25 Minutes to go and it was released in 1962 by Shel Silverstein, although it was then covered by many artists (the most known version is Johnny Cash’s one).
    In this song, the singer is sentenced to death and has only 25 minutes before getting executed by hanging. What makes this song interesting to me is the minute by minute countdown. Indeed, each line ends with a countdown from 25 to 0, which is the time the singer has to live. This gives rhythm to the song and enhance the gallows humor. The tone on which he sings is very satirical, showing that death penalty is inhumane and makes anybody mad. At the end of the song, the artist sings very loud, he panics at the idea of dying.
    In my opinion, this song has a powerful impact on people who listen to hit, because you take the place of the sentenced man that has only a few time left living.
    Here are the links of two versions of the song,
    The original one : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ix7umYkR4A
    And Johnny Cash’s cover : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxvR7ZUjaJk

  23. I found this poster about death penalty. For me it is a very simple poster but it share a big issue. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_hE7B4N0k8Xo/TOppIle54II/AAAAAAAAAmE/3w-AWifbd7U/s1600/poster4tomorrowdeath-01.jpg
    Many countries give HARSH sentences like life imprisonment or capital punishment. And this denounce the death sentence.
    We can see two men at first sight they look exactly the same (and they are the same, human beings, equal), but if we have a look under their hanging bodies two words are written: « guilty » and « innocent ».
    Death penalty system COST INNOCENT PEOPLE THEIR LIVES due to many miscarriage of Justice. Is that right? Imagine yourself being condemn to death? Either you did something or not you don’t have to be killed. We ALL are human beings and imperfect too. Thus everyone have the right to live. Okay, maybe people killed, raped, kidnapped someone, they burglarized houses and stole a store. Yes, this is something awful, abominable, revolting and for sure we want retaliate in spite of this they are still humans.
    Penalty death is partial and unfair.
    In the same website I found this  » The death penalty is a violation of human rights. Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”
    How does that fit with beheading, stoning, hanging, lethally injecting or shooting someone? ». This summarize a part of my opinion. http://mendedarrowdesign.blogspot.fr/2010/11/death-is-not-justice.html?m=1

    (I really like the « death is not Justice » sentence)

  24. Here I share with you the famous Holly Near’s quote that is a reflection about the death penalty. You will certainly have to read more than once to understand but it delivers a deep message. Holly Near is a biased singer/actress really involved in the Anti-war movement. I hope you will enjoy like me !

  25. This poster : https://goo.gl/images/j9LtKj – was inlcuded in the top 100 of the « Death Is Not Justice » poster campaign about abolishing the death penalty worldwide. We can see 2 men, with hands and feet tied up, hang, with only two words written under them : guilty and innocent. Simple, but efficient.
    It denounces two aspects of the death penalty. Firstly, the most obvious, the fact that innocent people have been executed. Indeed, there have been several cases of people who were executed but then declared innocent. But death penalty is irreversible, obviously it was too late to realize that.
    The 2 men on the poster are actually the same person, probably to show that it’s hard to truly know who’s guilty and who’s not, and also to remind us that both innocent and guilty people were executed.
    This is the main problem of the capital punishment in my opinion because if innocent people are executed, then death penalty kills people, not crime.
    But beside this problem, the poster raises the issue of the execution conditions. Execution is already inhuman. But as we can see, this guy is tied up and hang. It’s a very harsh way to kill. It completely dehumanize the criminal. In my own opinion, it’s kinda stupid to fight inhuman crimes and criminals with the same weapons they use.
    Finally, I stumbled upon this sentence while scrolling through different posters, and it’s also simple but efficient just like the poster so I’m gonna conclude with that : why do we kill people who kill people to show that killing people is wrong ?

  26. Hi ! I wanted to present you a song from the american rapper 2Pac. The song is called « 16 On Death Row » and it talks about the death penalty and the way people are treated in jail.
    In this song, 2pac talks to his mom, explaining why he did all what he’ve done and denouncing the death penalty. Indeed, he makes a kind of story-telling in which he explains to his mother the terrible conditions in jail and the way he was treated, everything consolidated by the fact that he is a black man. He also talks about his cellmate who commited suicide in jail because according to 2pac, he lost his hope.
    Besides, he is also pointing his finger at the irony of the religion in the case of the death penalty. Thus, he criticizes the preacher that come before the sentence. To him, he is just a « crook with a book » that doesn’t care about people. Preachers are just here to be sure that people that are going to be killed « don’t drop a dime to God ». Moreover, like Jeremy Irons did in his interview about death penalty, 2pac explains the atrocity of having to wait to be killed. The final day, you are « countin’ every breath » and it’s an awful psychological torture that no one should be the victim of.
    He finally dedicated this song to all his « partners in the penitentiaries » who were sentenced to death and who left him.
    If you want to listen to the song, you can find it here : https://youtu.be/OPzAylHWz-k
    There aren’t a lot of rap musics agasint death penalty and I think it’s a pity. Rappers have always been great defenders against racism but the death penalty has never been an issue oftenly raised.
    By the way, I really liked the picture of Loys with the executioner. The image is very interesting, and as Loys said, it raises the problem of the culprit’s guilt, but in my opinion it also shows that death penalty is extremely destructive for the family and the relatives of the one who is sentenced to death, represented by the « innocent » guy.

  27. Here is a satirical (let’s say that it is even cynical) cartoon by the French cartoonist Franquin (therefore it’s in French), showing a paradox concerning death penalty thanks to an « absurd » situation ; indeed death penalty deals with killing people because they killed other ones !
    (Maybe some of you already know this cartoon, indeed it was in the geography book last year)

  28. I found a web page arguing against death penalty ; the website is owned by an organization called Campaign to End the Death Penalty (CEDP), which is « a national grassroots organization dedicated to the abolition of capital punishment ».
    Actually, the whole site deals with death penalty, but this specific page features some main arguments against it.
    There are 6 arguments, each developped in two paragraphs, with an explanation of the point of view and then an example or reference.

  29. Here is the poster link:
    It is a poster against the death penalty. Indeed, the catch phrase is: Death to the death penalty, behind this catch phrase there is the number of countries that have abolished the death penalty and the number of countries that still have to do it. It is written 139 countries but it is an old campaign, nowadays there are 141 countries, (more than two out of three countries all around the world), that are abolitionist in law or in the practice the death penalty. In 2016, two countries – Benin and Nauru- have abolished the death penalty for all the crimes.
    Moreover on this poster we can see an electric chair that is used to execute criminals. However the electric chair is made of candle wax and it’s melting. The melted chair represents the end of the death penalty.
    Amnesty international also produces videos against the death penalty and one of them takes up the same way of expressing the end of the death penalty: with candle wax that melts.
    Even if there is no word, we understand the purpose of this awareness campaign very well.
    This is the video: https://youtu.be/kQRc3C8Ov4U
    Thanks to those posters and videos, Amnesty International clearly expresses its faith in a world where the death penalty should be abolished.

  30. Here is a very interesting humorous cartoon which deals with the main issue with death penalty: the suspect’s guilt.

    In this drawing, we can see, in the center, a hangman (representing the US « STATE »), he is holding an axe and he unintentionally slices a person on the right: the innocent. Unfortunately the real culprit was on his left!
    That’s why the hangman expresses himself, saying « Oooops my mistake ».
    This cartoon wants to make us aware of the problems of death penalty when it comes to be sure of the culprit’s guilt.
    Moreover, in the lower right corner we can read « one small problem with the death penalty » (obviously « small » is ironic).

    Link of the cartoon: http://image.wikifoundry.com/image/3/3fce423424666604f7a43b05e8b16507/GW500H348

  31. I found 2 very interesting websites about the death penalty. The first one is a document from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs which presents the background to abolition of the death penalty in France just here : https://franceintheus.org/IMG/pdf/Death_penalty.pdf

    The second one is an article by Euronews : http://www.euronews.com/2017/09/11/frances-final-guillotine-40-years-since-the-end-of-the-death-penalty
    There is a diagram which traces the history of the death penalty in Europe. It must be remembered that France, a country of human rights, has not easily abolished the death penalty !

    1. Thanks! Interesting to learn about when other countries abolished DP. We shoudn’t be that proud in France since it took us 33 years after the UN Declaration of Human Rights to abolish it.

  32. The brief history of America, which appears in Bowling for Columbine, the Oscar and Cesar-wining movie, directed by the famous documentary filmmaker Michael Moore, is to me one of the highlights (if it is not THE highlight) of this documentary.

    And seeing this little animation reminds me about an other excellent movie, which also deals with the Columbine shooting. It is called « Elephant » and if you haven’t seen it yet, you absolutely need to!
    One because this film is from Gus Van Sant (Will Hunting and Gerry) and this is a really good argument, two because this film is an absolute masterpiece in the filmography of Van Sant, who, in this film, handles the camera so intelligently that it is a pure beauty for the eyes. And finally, three, because this film is part of the movies that punch you so hard in the face that it leaves you with such a strong feeling that you don’t even know what to think then.

    Besides it gives a really « nice » point of view on the slaughter that happened in Columbine High School in 1999. Indeed the movie is mainly inspired by this bloodbath, even if it doesn’t refer directly to it.

    To put it in a nutshell, watch this movie, watch it, it’s an experience absolutely worth trying. ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_%282003_film%29#Reception )

    1. What is quite surprising (to me) is that Michael Moore has an NRA membership card, while he points his finger at the consequences of guns ! (especially while showing the photograph of a girl killed during the school shooting in Columbine)

  33. https://youtu.be/N47StpqUO2c
    So I found this very interesting speech by Bill Whittle who is against gun control. He exposes a lot of statistics and stuff but what’s the most interesting about this video isn’t the speech in itself. Just take a look at the (pretty biased) title and if you go through the comments section you can see how people are divided on that matter. What strikes us (people who aren’t used to having access to guns that easily) the most are comments validating this man’s opinion by saying stuff like « he should be president », a man who thinks that a young raped woman should have been able to defend herself by killing her agressor. Answering rape by murder, sounds insane to me. Those people seem to forget that answering violence by violence is just dragging us in a vicious cycle. And in this way and from my point of view, the only way it’s gonna end is by everyone being dead.

  34. We spoke quickly in class about the American author and director Michael Moore, who was for gun control laws. In fact, most of his films are raising political issues, such as wars, health and also economy.
    « Bowling in Columbine », his documentary film released in 2002, caught my attention because it deals with American mentality towards the bearing of arms, and also about the media which use fear to outline news ; more broadly, it insists on violence in the United States. Besides, it made me think to the poster we studied because of a topic I read (and that people in the film try to explain) : « Why the United States’ violent crime rate is substantially higher than those of other nations ? ».
    After its release, the film knew aggressive reviews from gun owners, who argued that there was no link between the number of homicides and the number of legally possessed firearms.
    So, here is the film trailer link:
    (or on Youtube : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hH0mSAjp_Jw )

  35. I found this two videos pretty interesting. The first one is a debate on fox news which contains some good arguments I think even if this debate is not very constructive.
    The second video is a quick presentation of the guns problem in the USA and it explains well why there is more death because of guns in the us compare to the other developped courntries.

  36. Clement summed up very well the political, economical, social and cultural issue raised by gun control debates. I found a website (https://gun-control.procon.org) that regroups all the big arguments pro and cons gun control. Moreover, I found a debate between Ted Nugent (the men of the MP3), totally cons pro guns and Piers Morgan an american journalist known for his engagement pro gun control. You can watch here ( https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kjNwMOLulUQ ).

  37. I just found this anti-gun awareness campaign on Youtube, published by « Sandy Hook Promise », an anti-gun association.
    If I want to be part of this association I must promise to do « all I can to protect children from gun violence by encouraging and supporting solutions that create safer, healthier homes, schools and communities ».
    This video is very scary and reminds us the mass killing of Sandy Hook in 2012, when a man killed 28 people (including 20 children) in a Connecticut primary school.

    Here is the website of « Sandy Hook Promise »: https://www.sandyhookpromise.org
    Here is the link of the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=148&v=A8syQeFtBKc

  38. The MP3 about  » A Matter of Life and Death  » is a statement of the ultraconservative guitarist Ted Nugent that aims to promote the gun rights organization GOA (Gun Owners of America). You can also find the video version at this address : https://youtu.be/Y2UVZJ4hSTM

    One the one hand, he urges us to join Gun Owners of America  » to fight this culture war  » and  » to fight for freedom « , and on the other hand, he explains that  » the bureaucrats in charge today in America would force us and him and our families to be unarmed and helpless « …

    For your information Ted Nugent called for Donald Trump to be given the Presidential Medal of Freedom and supported his presidential candidacy.

  39. Hi everyone, about Gun lobby in the USA I suggest you to watch the movie « Miss Sloane » with Jessica Chastain.
    This movie deals with Gun lobby, how to counter them and why is it so difficult to change minds even if laws are in project.
    It’s a really good movie about our topic, actors play well, moreover the music and the images are beautiful !

  40. Today Americans own an estimated 265 million guns which means that there is more than one gun for every American adult. However the question of the bearing of arms is the subject of debate. A part of the population is against whereas the other part is in favor. If you want to understand why they absolutely want to retain their right to bear arms have a look at the GOA (Gun Owners of America) website : https://gunowners.org/protect.htm
    Their website is very well conceived. Thanks to that and their campaigns I think that they must succeed to draw people’s attention to the subject of arms and convince them (not all of the citizens of course) that they are right.

  41. Something also interesting is the burden of certain stakeholders on the Senate such as the NRA, the National Rifle Association, a very powerful lobby, which almost guarantees you the place of president if they support you during your campaign (like Trump did ; http://urlz.fr/6dku )and which has been fighting for the maintain of gun free availability in the US for centuries. This is why things struggle so much to change, if you propose a law against gun availability to the Congress or the Senate, you can be sure that most of Republicains AND Democrats will vote against for fear of losing power and multiple political supports (http://urlz.fr/6dkA). However today the situation of gun violence in the United States is worse than ever as you can see in this report ; http://urlz.fr/6dkB
    Gun culture is as much a political problem as a social, cultural and economical problem for the United States.

  42. Seeing the two posters about gun control made me think about how America is divided in such strongly opposite visions of guns. First, you’ve got President Trump, who declared that there could have been much more victims in Las Vegas a few weeks ago without gun control (that is a quite unusual thought), evoking this stubborn belief shared by millions of Americans that guns are a protection. https://youtu.be/yYG-pF3e-BE And that is a question of point of view. They might be right (but they may not). On the other hand, you’ve got former President Obama, who recently stated that his deepest regret was that he had failed to pass a law about gun control, speaking for the other part of America that is terrified by guns. https://youtu.be/lOFOFZxfiDc Watch both statements !

  43. [Unit 2. 6. Still a man’s world? p.38 A) No surrender]
    The Movieclips YouTube channel has actually published 7 clips (extracts) from the film Made In Dagemham, and in addition they’ve published 2 trailers. I think it may help to understand the context and personality of characters, and especially Rita O’Grady’s one. Some other channel with a nearby name (probably someone who wants to earn views thanks to videos of others, nevertheless it’s helpful) has made a complete playlist of those 9 videos :

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